A new World Bank report has said global growth has slowed sharply and the risk of financial stress in developing economies is intensifying amid high global interest rates.
According to the latest Global Economic Prospects report released on Tuesday in Washington DC, Sub-Saharan Africa’s growth will reduce to 3.2% in 2023 and rise to 3.9% in 2024.
It identified the factors responsible for the slowdown including the pandemic, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and the sharp slowdown amid tight global financial conditions.
World Bank Group President Ajay Banga said: “The surest way to reduce poverty and spread prosperity is through employment—and slower growth makes job creation a lot harder. It’s important to keep in mind that growth forecasts are not destiny. We have an opportunity to turn the tide but it will take us all working together.”
The World Bank Group’s Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, Indermit Gill, said the world economy is in a precarious position.
“Outside of East and South Asia, it is a long way from the dynamism needed to eliminate poverty, counter climate change, and replenish human capital. In 2023, trade will grow at less than a third of its pace in the years before the pandemic. In emerging markets and developing economies, debt pressures are growing due to higher interest rates. Fiscal weaknesses have already tipped many low-income countries into debt distress. Meanwhile, the financing needs to achieve the sustainable development goals are far greater than even the most optimistic projections of private investment,” Gill said.
In low-income countries, the report said, per capita incomes in 2024 will still be below 2019 levels and will entrench extreme poverty.
“Many developing economies are struggling to cope with weak growth, persistently high inflation, and record debt levels. Yet new hazards—such as the possibility of more widespread spillovers from renewed financial stress in advanced economies—could make matters even worse for them,” said Ayhan Kose, Deputy Chief Economist of the World Bank Group. “Policymakers in these economies should act promptly to prevent financial contagion and reduce near-term domestic vulnerabilities.”
A statement on the report said growth in advanced economies will decrease from 2.6% in 2022 to 0.7% this year and remain weak in 2024.
“After growing 1.1% in 2023, the U.S. economy is set to decelerate to 0.8% in 2024, mainly because of the lingering impact of the sharp rise in interest rates over the past year and a half. In the euro area, growth is forecast to slow to 0.4% in 2023 from 3.5% in 2022, due to the lagged effect of monetary policy tightening and energy-price increases.
“The report also offers an analysis of how increases in U.S. interest rates are affecting EMDEs. Most of the rise in two-year Treasury yields over the past year and a half has been driven by investor expectations of hawkish U.S. monetary policy to control inflation. According to the report, this particular type of interest rate increase is associated with adverse financial effects in EMDEs, including a higher probability of a financial crisis. Moreover, these effects are more pronounced in countries with greater economic vulnerabilities. In particular, frontier markets—those with less developed financial markets and more limited access to international capital—tend to see outsized increases in borrowing costs; for instance, sovereign risk spreads in frontier markets tend to rise by more than three times as much as those in other EMDEs,” the statement said.
The report said rising interest rates have compounded the deterioration in the fiscal positions of developing nations.
News2 days ago
BREAKING: Tinubu to announce palliative package for workers on independence day
Politics6 days ago
𝑺en. Cleopas Warn political Jobbers To Stop Using His Name In Spreading Falsehood.
Politics6 days ago
Kogi APC Guber Aspirants Take Disqualification Challenge To Supreme Court
Politics5 days ago
Drama As Staff Of Ondo State Deputy Gov. Celebrate Impeachment Proceedings
Politics6 days ago
Tribunal Declares Dauda Lawal-Dare As The Duly Elected Governor Of Zamfara State
Sports1 day ago
Crisis in Napoli as Osimhen snub teammates arriving at team’s hotel
Entertainment6 days ago
Mohbad was afraid I would be kidnapped- Singer’s Mother narrates son’s ordeals
Politics15 hours ago
Southern Ijaw Traditional Rulers Pass Vote Of Confidence On Gov. Diri.